Surat al-Ikhlaṣ (Arabic: سورة الإخلاص, "Fidelity" or "Sincerity"), also known as Sūrat al-Tawḥīd (Arabic: سورة التوحيد, "Monotheism") is the 112th sūra of the Qur'an. In the early years of Islam, the surah of the Quran came to be known by several different names, sometimes varying by region. This sūra was among those to receive many different titles. It is a short declaration of tawhid, God's absolute oneness, consisting of four ayat. Al-Ikhlas means "the purity" or "the refining".
It is disputed whether this is a Meccan or Madinan sura. The former seems more probable, particularly since it seems to have been alluded to by Bilal of Abyssinia, who, when he was being tortured by his cruel master, is said to have repeated "Ahad, Ahad!" (unique, referring as here to God). It is reported from Ubayy ibn Ka'b that it was revealed after the polytheists asked "O Muhammad! Tell us the lineage of your Lord."
Surah Al-Ikhlas (Arab:الإخلاص, "Memurnikan Keesaan Allah") adalah surah ke-112 dalam al-Qur'an. Surah ini tergolong surah Makkiyah, terdiri atas 4 ayat dan pokok isinya adalah menegaskan keesaan Allah sembari menolak segala bentuk penyekutuan terhadap-Nya. Kalimat inti dari surah ini, "Allahu ahad, Allahus shamad" (Allah Maha Esa, Allah tempat bergantung), sering muncul dalam uang dinar emas pada zaman Kekhalifahan dahulu. Sehingga, kadang kala kalimat ini dianggap sebagai slogan negara Khilafah Islamiyah, bersama dengan dua kalimat Syahadat.